Main Article Content


Online teaching and learning have become the novel norm amidst COVID-19 pandemic crisis across the world. The educational institutions across the world have switched to online mode of instruction to continue to provide education. Thus, research on effectiveness of online teaching and factors affecting the student’s engagement in a virtual classroom has gained importance. Students during pandemic are learning at home and lack motivation and confidence in their academic life. The present study aimed to analyse the student engagement and the factors that affect the student engagement in online learning environment. The study employed a quantitative research design to collect data from 600 students attending online classes in schools and colleges of Bangalore, India. The study found that there is a positive correlation between students’ intrinsic motivation and student engagement. Student engagement increases as the academic pressure or tension decreases. The core findings of the study showed that interest towards learning, perceived competence, and perceived choice of students determines student engagement in online classroom. Almost 33.7 % variance in student engagement is because of students’ intrinsic motivation. Future researchers may explore external factors affecting student engagement. Student engagement is significant for meaningful learning in online learning environment.


Intrinsic Motivation COVID-19 Online Learning Student Engagement Virtual Classroom

Article Details

Author Biographies

Pramod Kumar MPM, Christ University

Assistant Professor, School of Education, Christ University, Bangalore, India


R Srilakshmi, Christ University

School of Education, Christ University, Bangalore, India

How to Cite
Prakasha, S. G., Pramod Kumar MPM, & Srilakshmi, R. (2023). Student engagement in online learning during COVID-19. Journal of E-Learning and Knowledge Society, 19(1), 1-12.


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