Main Article Content


In 1995, social scientist Robert Putnam proposed a broad and wide-ranging critique of American civic life. (Putnam, 1995) Further developed in his influential book Bowling Alone (Putnam, 2000), Putnam argued that America was experiencing a sustained decline in civic life, one that might spread to advanced democracies around the world. His argument was multifaceted: not only were Americans voting less, they were also participating less in voluntary organizations, in churches and religious organizations, in labor unions and work organizations...


Digital Citizenship

Article Details

How to Cite
Zuckerman, E. (2022). How social media could teach us to be better citizens. Journal of E-Learning and Knowledge Society, 18(3), 36-41.


  1. American Presidency Project, 2016.
  2. Appel, M., Marker, C., & Gnambs, T. (2020). Are social media ruining our lives? A review of meta-analytic evidence. Review of General Psychology, 24 (1), 60-74.
  3. Balch, G. I. (1974). Multiple indicators in survey research: The concept” sense of political efficacy”. Political Methodology, 1-43.
  4. Benkler, Y., Robert, F., & Hal, R. (2018). Network propaganda: Manipulation, disinformation, and radicalization in American politics. Oxford University Press.
  5. Botsman, 2018.
  6. Campbell, A., Gurin, G., & Warren E. M. (1954). The voter decides.
  7. De Tocqueville, A. (1899). Democracy in America: Volume II. Vol. 2. D. Appleton.
  8. Fiesler, C., Shannon M., & Bruckman, A.S. (2016). An archive of their own: A case study of feminist HCI and values in design. Proceedings of the 2016 CHI conference on human factors in computing systems.
  9. Granovetter, M.S. (1973). The strength of weak ties. American journal of sociology, 78(6) 1360-1380.
  10. Gray, M. L. & Suri, S. (2019). Ghost work: How to stop Silicon Valley from building a new global underclass. Eamon Dolan Books.
  11. Hudson, 2020.
  12. Ingram, 2020.
  13. Internet World Stats, 2022. Internet growth statistics.
  14. Monterie, 2021. PubHubs moet privacyvriendelijk sociaal netwerk worden.
  15. Neves, B.B. (2013). Social capital and Internet use: The irrelevant, the bad, and the good. Sociology Compass, 7(8), 599-611.
  16. Olson, 2021.
  17. Orben, A., and Przybylski, A.K. (2019). The association between adolescent well-being and digital technology use. Nature human behaviour, 3(2), 173-182.
  18. Peck (2019).
  19. Pew (2021).
  20. Putnam, R. D. (1995). Tuning in, tuning out: The strange disappearance of social capital in America. PS: Political science & politics, 28(4), 664-683.
  21. Putnam, R. D. (2000). Bowling alone: The collapse and revival of American community. Simon and Schuster
  22. Stroud & Pariser (2021).
  23. Williams, J. R. (2019). The use of online social networking sites to nurture and cultivate bonding social capital: A systematic review of the literature from 1997 to 2018. New Media & Society, 21.11-12 2710-2729.
  24. York, J. C. (2022). Silicon values: The future of free speech under surveillance capitalism. Verso Books.
  25. Zhang, A. X., Grant H., & Bernstein, M.S. (2020). PolicyKit: building governance in online communities. Proceedings of the 33rd Annual ACM Symposium on User Interface Software and Technology.
  26. Zuboff, S. (2019). The age of surveillance capitalism: The fight for a human future at the new frontier of power: Barack Obama’s books of 2019. Profile books.